Serious conflict avoided as Sonoma supporters of squatters face off against Bodega group led by landowner Tyler Curtis in so-called "Bodega War." Curtis, married to the widow of Stephen Smith, moves to San Francisco. Italians come to Occidental, other areas, work in lumber mills,tanneries and quarries.
Returning from the Philippines, Sebastian Rodriguez Cermeno, commanding the galleon San Augustin, surveys the Pacific coast, spotting land north of Cape Mendocino and a large bay, present-day Drake's Bay, farthersouth.1808-1812 - Russian ship Kadiak, commanded by Ivan Kuskoff, sails into Bodega Bay looking for a trading base; sets up colony at Ft.Ross on Sonoma coast in 1812, hoping to prosper with sea otter trade. Mariano Vallejo, "the last of the Conquistadores," arrives, becomes dominant landholder and political leader through most of the 19th century, with up to 50,000 head of cattle; first home built on Petaluma Rancho 1834-36; Vallejo leads assaults, takes control over rebellious Indians in 1830s; creates a pueblo with a large plaza in Sonoma in 1835.California Natives of Pomo-speaking groups occupy Kalé near the Healdsburg Plaza at the confluence of the Russian River (Ashokawna) and Dry Creek (Mihilakawna), and many outlying villages along both waterways.Bartolome Ferrelo assumes command of two-ship Portuguese expedition after the death of Juan Rodriguez de Cabrillo, sails north near Cape Mendocino, then follows California coast south to Navidad, Mexico.Jasper O'Farrell buys Jonive Rancho (Sebastopol.) He names his holdings the Annaly Rancho, eventually turned into Analy.
O'Farrell provides for the building of the first Catholic church, with Father Rossi in charge, andlays out a general merchandise store operated by Bodega's Mc Caughey brothers. Mariano Vallejo elected Sonoma district's first state senator (district includes Mendocino County until 1859.) Numerous squabbles over land, including cost of court battles, cause major economic losses for Vallejoover a number of years.Spanish flu epidimic hits, leaves 175 dead by early 1919; 160 children ill at Lytton home north of Healdsburg (Oct., 1918); residents urged to wear masks; schools and theaters closed; heavy death toll at Sonoma State Hosp.Bootleggers, rumrunners become part of the scene as Prohibition era arrives across U. Speakeasies abound, with much smuggling activity allegedly going through the coastal town of Tomales.Clarence Lea of Santa Rosa, former District Attorney, elected to U. House of Representatives, servesmore than 30 years with bipartisan support.He builds strong conservation record, supports aviation-related bills.Traverso and Arrigoni families start as clerks in his store. Hotchkiss, a majorsupporter of the building of the Golden Gate Bridge, is father of tennis star Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman.